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What are Stocks: Meaning & Types of Shares

A talk or the ratio of attention of a person is Equal to the percentage of the sum paid to the entire funds payable to the business. Let’s examine the several kinds of shares a corporation may issue — equity stocks and preferential shares.

Types of Shares

What are Stocks and Kinds of Shares

To choose the proper steps for getting an experienced investor, You have to realize you could invest in many different stock exchange tools. These include stocks, derivatives, mutual funds, and bonds. One of those, there are approximately 18 million investors from the stock/equity marketplace. Stocks or Stocks account for roughly 12.9 percent of their total investments in India.

Wondering what exactly are stocks, and also how they are distinct from stocks? When a business wishes to increase capital for expanding its business or operational conditions, it has two choices: borrowing money or issuing stocks that provide part-ownership of their business to investors.

Shares would be the lowest denomination of an organization’s stocks, signaling some of the provider’s possession.

Different Kinds of stocks

According to section 43 of the Companies Act 2013, the talk Capital of the business consists of two types of shares

Preference Share Capital

Preferential shares are preferential. Throughout the Liquidation of the business, the shareholders holding preferential shares are paid out after settling the debts of the organization’s creditors. Additionally, preferential shareholders don’t have any voting rights.

Numerous Kinds of preferential stocks are observed based on Construction, maturity conditions, the character of dividend payment, etc. below are a few common types of shares:

Participating Preference Shares

  • Entitled to discuss the excess profit
  • Fixed-rate of dividend is ensured

Non-participating Preference Stocks:

  • Doesn’t share the extra gain.
  • Fixed-rate of money is ensured.

Cumulative Preference Shares

  • Arrear will be obtained in following years
  • In a time of insufficient gain, you won’t eliminate anything.
  • The adjusted rate of money is ensured. 

Non-cumulative Preference Stocks:

  • In a time of insufficient gain, they won’t get anything.
  • Fixed-rate of money is ensured.

Convertible Preference Shares

  • It may be converted to Equity shares in a definite period.

Irredeemable Preference Shares:

  • Shares are repayable just at winding up.
  • It doesn’t take the arrangement for salvation.

Non-convertible Preference Stocks:

  • It can’t be converted to Equity shares.

Redeemable Preference Shares:

  • Stocks that a business might pay after a fixed period or sooner.

Equity Share Capital

Equity Shares are also called regular shares. Equity Stocks are among the most frequent kinds of shares. These are equivalent in worth and impart several rights such as voting rights, dividends, etc., to the shareholders. These stocks are exchanged in the basics of the share market and are issued at face value.


Therefore, there are two kinds of stocks: equity stocks and preferential shares. Both have their different sub-categories. After understanding what stocks and their types are, you’re all settled to begin your investment travel in the primary share market.

Always be sure you zero on a reliable and dependable financial partner to start your Demat accounts and trading accounts. Rely on a Broking firm that could supply you with cutting-edge trading platforms together With real-time market upgrades.

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