The Internet has become a dominant force in the world. Given its vastness, every surreal-looking task has become possible.
Though the intangibility of the Internet still baffles even the greatest of minds, its effect can still be experienced with our naked eyes.
It has become so pervasive that it has changed the way we do just about everything, from saying good morning over Whatsapp to making hefty online transactions.
Today, all aspects are regulated by internet-laden information superhighways, which are regulated through the ‘Internet of Things (IoT).
To know more about the concept of IOT. Continue reading our blog!
What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?
The Internet of Things (IoT) is an extremely popular phrase among the millennials and Gen-Zs used to describe the expanding network of internet-connected gadgets that can communicate and share data.
These IOT devices can vary from ever-present items such as smartphones, laptops, and wearables to heavy-duty electronics comprising household appliances such as refrigerators, thermostats, and smart speakers, as well as industrial machinery and sensors used in manufacturing and transportation.
The core premise behind the Internet of Things is that it comprises a unique identifier (UID); after connecting these gadgets to the Internet, we can enable them to gather and exchange data, automate processes, and interact with humans in new and more intelligent ways.
All these processes and devices have made our lives extremely efficient and our daily tasks highly effective. To better grasp the Internet of Things, let’s check out these examples.
Examples of Internet of Things (IoT) Devices
Smartphones are IoT devices because they feature sensors, such as GPS and accelerometers, that allow them to gather data and interact with other devices. As a result, they serve several functions, including communication, entertainment, and productivity.
2. Smart Refrigerators
These refrigerators include sensors and internet connectivity, allowing customers to remotely monitor and manage the temperature, humidity, and energy use. They can also track inventories and notify the user when it is time for a refill.
These wearable gadgets have sensors that monitor different health parameters such as heart rate, sleep, and physical activity. They can also receive smartphone alerts and do other tasks like managing smart home equipment.
4. Smart Fire Alarms
These smoke detectors are equipped with sensors and internet connectivity that allow them to send alerts to a user’s smartphone or other devices when smoke or fire is detected.
5. Smart Door Locks
A smartphone app may remotely control these locks, allowing users to lock or open their doors from anywhere. They may also be set to allow particular person access at specified hours, making them helpful for Airbnb hosts or property managers.
These are the most common IoT devices. However, with the advancement in technology by each passing second, the market is flooded with a wide array of IoT devices: medical sensors, fitness trackers, smart security systems, connected cars, retail, cities, manufacturing equipment, smart agricultural equipment, and so on.
What is IoT Security?
Every opportunity comes with some risks. And IoT is no different in this matter.
The Internet of Things (IoT) may have quickly altered company operations, allowing companies to use data received from networked devices to boost productivity, efficiency, and profitability. Or it may also have positively impacted a common man’s life.
Yet, the proliferation of IoT technology has generated significant security issues for businesses and individuals since unmonitored and insecure devices linked to the network can constitute a huge danger to organizational security.
As a result, the discipline of IoT security has emerged, to mitigate these risks by integrating effective security protections across IoT devices and networks.
It needs to be understood that our over-reliance on the Internet has made us sidelined some of the most potent challenges that directly coincide with privacy breaches.
To have a more clear understanding of IoT security challenges, check out the below-mentioned section.
What are the challenges of IOT Security?
You might have understood “what is IoT security,” now, it is critical to grasp the major challenges confronting IoT security.
IoT devices were not designed with security in mind, which might lead to vulnerabilities in a multi-device system. In most circumstances, security software cannot be installed on the device itself. Moreover, they may include malware that infects the network they are connected to.
Here are some of the most common challenges of IoT Security:
1. Data Privacy and Security
If IoT devices gather sensitive data, such as personal, financial, and healthcare data, it might become a target for hackers.
2. Lack of Standardization
IoT devices are manufactured by a variety of companies, each with its own security standards, making it difficult to produce a standardized security protocol or a set of security principles that all devices can follow.
3. Vulnerable Devices
Because of weak passwords, unpatched software, and unencrypted data, IoT devices are frequently exposed to cyber-attacks.
4. DDoS Attacks
Infected IoT devices may be exploited as members of botnets to perform Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) assaults, inflicting substantial damage to network infrastructure.
5. Abundant Data
IoT devices create massive volumes of data, and keeping track of it all may be difficult. It can be difficult to store and manage all of this data and derive important insights from it.
6. Operations Issue
Lastly, while IoT devices are vital to core operations, IT finds incorporating them into the basic security posture challenging.
IoT devices may not have the same security characteristics as traditional IT equipment, making incorporating them into the organization’s overall security posture difficult.
Some Use Cases of IoT
IoT use cases with each passing day are magnificently increasing in industries like housing, real estate, transportation, healthcare, agriculture, and so on. Some of the most common use cases of IoT are discussed in the list mentioned below:
In healthcare, IoT devices are used to monitor patient health and offer real-time feedback.
Vital indicators such as heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen levels can be monitored by wearable devices such as fitness trackers, smartwatches, and medical sensors.
2. Smart Home
IoT devices are used in smart homes to automate and regulate different household appliances, such as lighting, heating, and security systems.
Smart thermostats, smart door locks, and smart cameras are examples of IoT gadgets that allow homeowners to operate their houses remotely and save energy.
Its use is to optimize routes, minimize fuel usage, and improve driver safety.
Traffic flow, vehicle performance, and driver conduct may all be monitored using smart sensors and cameras.
4. Industrial or Manufacturing
IoT devices are used to monitor and optimize operations in manufacturing and other sectors.
Sensors, cameras, and drones are examples of IoT devices that can monitor operations, track inventories, and improve supply chain management.
5. Real Estate
One of the most rapidly and rigorously rising industries has relied on Internet of Things (IoT) devices so that the real estate industry can improve property management and tenant experience.
Furthermore, to optimize energy use and increase tenant comfort, smart building sensors can monitor occupancy, temperature, and lighting.
IoT devices may also provide predictive maintenance by monitoring building systems and alerting maintenance workers to possible problems before they become major concerns.
IoT devices are used in agriculture to monitor crops and optimize farming operations.
For example, smart sensors and drones may be used to monitor soil moisture, temperature, and crop development.
The Internet of Things (IoT) has already spread its tentacles in every direction. Whether it’s education, real estate, utilities, energy, housing, or agriculture, IoT devices have become integral to every major sector.
But, the most difficult aspect of IoT is handling the massive amounts of data these devices might create. IoT security has risen as one of the prial issues in this direction but still requires standardized protocols, responsibility, and accountability in terms of data breaches.